A prestigiada revista acadêmica Third World Quaterly publicou o artigo The concentration camps for famine victims in Brazil and the struggle for their public memorialisation, de autoria de Thiago Lima.
O artigo é parte de uma edição especial organizada pelas professoras da Universidade de Gotemburgo (Suécia) Camilla Orjuela e Swati Parashar. Todos os estudos de caso serão publicados num compêndio que discutirá a memorialização (ou não) das Fomes em diversos países.
O artigo acima pode ser acessado neste link ou via solicitação pelo contato do blog.
Confira o abstract:
After the ‘Grande Seca’ of 1877, the deadliest famine recorded in Brazil, the government installed so-called concentration camps to prevent famine migrants from the dry Northeastern backlands from reaching Fortaleza, capital of the Ceará state in 1915 and 1932. Officially, the camps were depicted as relief centres, but their inhumane conditions earned them the nickname of ‘death camps’. After their closure, the camps and their famine victims fell into oblivion. Recently, however, both government and civil society actors have taken initiatives to commemorate them. In 2019, the Patu Concentration Camp (the only one for which physical remains can still be found) and the Walk of the Drought (a religious pilgrimage) were officially recognised as heritage sites. This article introduces the research by emphasising how famines are rarely publicly commemorated and describes investigation initiatives that contribute to breaking the silence around famine victims in Brazil. To conclude, the article refers to background literature, document analysis and interviews to discuss the efforts that have been put into public memorialisation so far, as a means to overcome the marginalisation of the memories of peasants from the Northeastern backlands.
Thiago Lima (2023) The concentration camps for famine victims in Brazil and the struggle for their public memorialisation, Third World Quarterly, DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2023.2190506